Wednesday, February 20, 2013

INTERNATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS FEB-2013


International current affairs February -2013
·          Indian American Ami Bera repeated history, entered US Congress:  Sixty year old Dalip Singh Saund created history to become the first Indian American to be elected to the US Congress, California physician Ami Bera repeated the feat in a tight race.

·           China’s new leader Xi Jinping took over as military chief: China’s new leader Xi Jinping formally took over as the country’s Military Chief, presiding over the first meeting of the powerful 11-member Military Commission, the highest body of the country’s defence command structure.

·           Pak teenager Malala chosen for bravery award: Pakistani girl Malala Yousufzai, who became the face of her country’s struggle against the Taliban, has been awarded for her bravery and advocation of education for girls in adverse conditions in Swat.

·           Indian-American named Professor of the year: An Indian-American professor of mechanical engineering at the University of South Florida has been named US Professor of the Year by an influential think-tank.

·           China launched Sri Lanka’s first Satellite: China successfully launched Sri Lanka’s first ever communication satellite. The Supreme Sat I was launched from Xichang Space Centre in China’s Sichuan province.

·           Pakistan test-fired nuclear –capable ballistic missile Haft-V: Pakistan tested the Haft-V nuclear-capable ballistic missile with a range of 1,300 km, the launch was aimed at strengthening the country’s defence capability.

·           Palestine won historic United Nations General Assembly vote: Palestine overwhelmingly won a historic UN General Assembly vote which will upgrade its status to non-member observer state at the world body, a stinging diplomatic setback to the US and Israel which had strongly opposed the bid. India was among the 138 nations in the 193-member body that voted in favour of the resolution, which accords Palestine recognition as observer state from its current entity status.

·           Obama appointed blind Indian-American to key post: The Obama administration has appointed a blind Indian-American to a key administrative post in an independent US agency devoted for people with disabilities.

·           Borut Pahor elected Slovenia’s President: A year after his government suffered a no-confidence vote making him Slovenia’s least popular politician, former premier and ex-model Borut Pahor returned to the top as the country’s next president.

·           India among nations most impacted by terrorism: India, Pakistan and Afghanistan were among the nations most impacted by terrorism in 2011, according to a new global study, which said the terror strikes worldwide had increased fourfold since the start of the Iraq war in 2003.

·           UAE Cabinet approved extradition agreement with India: The UAE Cabinet has approved an extradition agreement that the Gulf nation had signed with India for facilitating the transfer of Indian convicts to spend the remaining jail term in their home country.

·           North Korea successfully launched long-range rocket: North-Korea successfully launched a long-range rocket, in defiance of UN sanctions threats over what Pyongyang’s critics have condemned as a disguised ballistic missile test.

·           Conference at Doha (Qatar) on Climate Change and Emission Issues: An overnight diplomatic slugfest ended in a lojam at Doha(Qatar) as the US and EU refused to even discuss how they shall provide the promised $ 100 billion to poor countries to adapt to climate change and address emission reductions.The Doha talks that began on November 26,2012 and went into an extra day of negotiations on December 8,2012 have virtually failed to produce concrete plans or any agreement on climate aid. The friction at the 18th Conference of the Parties(COP18) centred around the issue that has plagued all previous attempts at a global framework: the degree of financial responsibility rich countries should assume for their part in global warming, and the mandate of developing countries like India and China.

·           New Legal pact to be in effect by 2020: The world agreed to the second phase of the Kyoto Protocol, starting 2013 it agreed to a roadmap for binding world to a new global legal compact on climate change by 2015 that would become operational by 2020.

·           EU gets 2012 Nobel Prize for ‘Bringing Decades of Peace’: The European Union received the 2012 Nobel Prize at a ceremony in Oslo on December 10,2012 ,honoured by the Norwegian Committee to bring decades of peace and democracy to Europe after the horrors and division of two world wars. From just six countries who agreed to pool their coal and steel production in the 1950s to 27 member States on December 10,2012 and 28 once Crotia joins next year-the EU now stretches from Portugal to Romania, Finland to Malta and sets rules that have a bearing on more that 500 million people.

·           Malala’s Father Made UN Education Adviser: The father of the child activist Malala Yousufzai , who was shot by the Taliban for advocating girl’s right to education has been appointed as special UN Adviser on Global Education. “Ziauddin Yousufzai, a former teacher and head-master, will play a critical role in helping remove the discrimination and barriers that prevent girls going to school”.

·           Mahama Re-elected Ghanian President: Incumbent President John Dramani Mahama was declared the winner of Ghana’s presidential election, winning 50.7% of the votes polled.

·           Opposition Party wins Parliamentary Elections in Japan: The new Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe came out fighting after his sweeping election victory, saying there can be no compromise on the sovereignty of island at the centre of a dispute with China. Voters dumped Prime Minister Yoshiko Noda three years after hid Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) promised a change from more than half a century of almost unbroken Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) rule.

·           Japan, China in Air Duel over Islands: China for the first time sent a marine surveillance plane to join its warships to monitor the disputed islands with Japan, forcing Tokyo to scramble F-15 fighter jets. The jets were mobilized after a Chinese maritime aircraft ventured over the Senkaku islands, which China calls the Diaoyus.

·           North Korea Successfully Launches a Long-Range Rocket: North Koreans danced in the streets of their capital after the Pyongyang regime successfully launched a long-range rocket, defying international warnings and taking a big step forward in its quest to develop a nuclear-tipped missile.

·           UNSC Condemns North Korea for Rocket Launch: The United Nations Security Council has condemned North Korea for carrying out a launch and warned that it will consider appropriate response to Pyongyang’s action. UN Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon also deployed that rocket launch calling it clear violations of the council’s instruments.

·           South Korea Elects Park Geun-hye as its First Woman President:  South Korea elected its first Woman President handing a slim but historic victory to conservative ruling party candidate Park Geun-hye, daughter of the former military ruler.

·           China successfully launces Turkish Satellite: Carrying on with its space diplomacy, China successfully launched a Turkish earth observation satellite into orbit aboard a Chinese rocket. The GK-2 satellite was launched from Jiuquan Satellite Launch Centre in North-West China’s Gobi Desert.

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