Monday, January 28, 2013

INTERNATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS OCT,SEPT-2012

INTERNATIONAL CURRENT AFFAIRS

1). Pakistan Rapidly Developing its Nuke Arsenal: Report
Estimated to have more nuclear weapons that India, Pakistan is rapidly developing and expanding its atomic arsenal, spending about $ 2.5 billion a year to develop such weapons, a report has said. “Pakistan has been rapidly developing and expanding its nuclear arsenal, increasing its capacity to produce plutonium, and testing and deploying a diverse array of nuclear-capable ballistic and cruise missiles,” said the report ‘ Assuring Destruction Forever: Nuclear Modernisation Around the world’.

2). Massive Quake in Indonesia
Two massive earthquakes shook Sumatra in Indonesia on April 11, 2012 triggering a tsunami alert in 28 countries including India and Panic all across India’s east coast.

3). Tuareg Rebels Declare Independence in North Mali
African country Mali’s Tuareg rebels declared independence on April 6, 2012 in the north, splitting the coup wrecked country into two, as warnings range out of a humanitarian disaster in what was once considered Africa’s democratic success story.
The Tuareg rebels early on April 6 declared the independence of Mali’s north, a desert homeland they call Azawad for which they had been waging rebellions over decades.

4). Presidential Poll in Rebel South Ossetia, Former KGB Agents Wins the Race
A former top KGB agent on April 9, 2012 won a tense run-off election to lead Georgia’s pro-Russian region of South Ossetia after two earlier polls ended in turmoil,
The tiny republic’s former security chief Leonid Tibilov was congratulated by his rival in march 8’s run-off and then promised to build a flourishing independent nation despite its lack of recognition from most of the world.

5). US Signs Deal with Afghanistan on Night Raids
The Afghan government and the USA have reached a deal governing controversial night raids by US forces-resolving an issue that had long seemed intractable and which had threatened to derail a larger pact governing US forces in the country for decades to come.
The Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) on Afghanistan of special operation of Afghan soil was signed by the two sides.

6). US navy Deploys 2nd Aircraft Carrier to Gulf
The US Navy said on April 9, 2012 that it had developed a second aircraft carrier to the Persian Gulf region amid rising tensions with Iran over its nuclear programme.
The deployment of the nuclear-powered USS Enterprise along the Abraham Lincoln carrier strike group- marks the fourth time in the past decade that the navy has had two aircraft carriers operating at the same time in the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea, said Cmdr. Army Derrick Frost of the Bahrain-based 5th Fleet.

7). India, Russia, China Unite on North Korea
Foreign ministers of India, Russia and China on April 13, 2012 in Moscow asked all parties in the stand-off over North Korea to show restraint after Pyong-yang’s much heralded rocket plunged into the sea after sparking global concerns.
The statement at the end of the trilateral meeting – also known as RIC-between Lavrov, S.M. Krishna and Yang Jiechi came just hours before the UN Security Council was to meet in New York to discuss a possible condemnation of the launch. New sanctions against North Korea are out of the question since Russia and China are both veto-wielding powers.

8). Iran, 6 World Powers Hold Nuke Talks
Iran and six world powers held their first meeting in 15 months on April 14, 2012 in Turkish Capital Istanbul, hoping to ease tensions over Tehran’s nuclear programme.
According to officials close to the negotiations between Iran and the United States, Russia, China, Britain, France and Germany (The P5 + 1), the achievements that could be hoped was just arriving at an agreement to hold more detailed discussion in a few weeks. So another round to talks might be expected in late May, possibly in Baghdad as Iran suggested.

9). Pakistan Launches Hatf IV Shaheen-1A
Pakistan on April 25, 2012 said that it had successfully conducted the launch of the intermediate Range Ballistic Missile Hatf IV Shaheen-1A Weapons System. The missile – capable of carrying both nuclear and conventional warheads – is billed as a improved version of Shaheen -1, in terms of range and technical parameters.

10). South Korea Tests Missile as North Threatens War
South Korea on April 19, 2012 announced that it had deployed new cruise missiles capable of destroying targets such as missile and nuclear bases any where in the North. “With such capabilities, our military will sternly and thoroughly punish rechless provocations by North Korea while maintaining our firm readiness,” major general Shin Won-Sik said.
Yonhap news agency said that the new cruise missile could travel more than 1,000 km.

11). Queen Elizabeth II gives Camilla highest female rank
The Queen has appointed Prince Charles’ wife Camilla to the highest female rank in the Royal Victorian Order in recognition of her ‘personal’ services to the monarchy, Buckingham Palace said on April 9, 2012. The honour makes the 64-year-old Duchess of Cornwall a Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian order to mark the seventh anniversary of her wedding to Prince Charles the British media reported.

12). Australia to lift curbs on Myanmar President
Australia on April 16 announced that it will lift sanctions against Myanmar’s President and over 200 other officials, who were currently under travel and financial bans, in the wake of a  series of reforms in the country.

13). Sikkim Wins the best State Award for Strengthening the Panchayat Raj Institutions
Sikkim, on April 24, 2012 won the best state award for strengthening its Panchayati Raj   Institutions. The

NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL UPDATES

FIPB – Foreign Investment Promotion Board.
UNHRC – United Nations Human Rights Council.

1). Salman Bashir
Pakistan on April 14, 2012 formally announced the appointment of Salman Bashir as its new High Commissioner to India.

2). Two Indians Selected as Yale 2012 World Fellows
Two Indians are among 16 people selected by the prestigious Yale University in 2012 as its World Fellows, bringing the total number of fellows from India to 11 since the programme started in 2002. Ayush Chauhan co-founder and managing director, Quicksand and Ruchi Yadav, senior programme officer, The Hunger Project are 2012 Yale World Fellows.

3). Jim Yong Kim
Jim Yong Kim, the Korean-American physician has been selected as new President of the World Bank. The new chief said that he would seek a new alignment of the body with a rapidly changing world.

4). Nancy Powell
Nancy Powell has been appointed new US ambassador to India.

5). Sachin, Rekha, Anu Aga Nominated to Rajya Sabha
Cricket icon Sachin Tendulkar is set to enter a new field with President Pratibha Patil approving his nomination, as well as that of actress Rekha and business woman and National Advisory council member Anu Aga, as members of the Rajya Sabha. This came a day after Prime Minister Manmohan Singh recommended the names to the Home Ministry, which forwarded it to the President.

6). NKP Salve
Former Union Minister and former BCCI President NKP Salve died on April 1, 2012 in Delhi. He was 90. Salve was a Chartered Accountant by profession and film actor Dilip Kumar was one of his clients. 

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